How to Knit Cables

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Would you like to know how to knit cables?

Once you have mastered the knitting basics you are probably going to want to start experimenting with more advanced knitting techniques, and experimenting with knitting cables (Arans) can be very satisfying.

Cable knits or 'Arans' are traditionally made with wool (real wool, not acrylics or nylon yarns) and both the materials used and the style of the knitting makes them very warm, even when wet.

Although you can use a dark wool to make your Aran, using a light colour tends to show off the cables and textures much more effectively than dark wool does.

© sv1861 |  Aran Knitting with Wool and Needles

How to Knit Cables: Getting Started

Knitting cables is not as hard as it seems once you get the hang of it. If you are just starting out it is probably a good idea to start with something simple and work your way up to the more complicated Aran patterns.

To demonstrate how to knit cables,  you will find instructions on this page for a test piece for a simple 2 x 2 cable. To get started, you will need a pair of size 4.0mm single pointed knitting needles and some 8 ply yarn. You will also need either a cable needle or a spare knitting needle to manipulate your stitches to form the cables.

This is what the stitch pattern instructions would look like.

Cast on 34 stitches.
1st row: P3, *k4, p2, repeat from * 4 times, p1.
2nd and all alt. rows: K4, *p4, k2, repeat from * 4 times, k1.
3rd row: P3, C2F, p2, k4, p2, C2F, p2, k4, p3.
Keeping pattern correct as set work three rows.
Commencing with a 3rd row, repeat the last four rows until work is the measurement desired.

For those of you who are more visual; here is a knitting graph for the instructions above.

So, what does it mean?

To start with the abbreviation for the cable 'C2F' stands for cable 2 front, and basically means that you are going to be doing a 2 x 2 cable with the first two stitches crossing the back two stitches at the front of the table.

If you are attempting cables, I am going to assume that you are comfortable with the basic knitting stitches and that you can cope with rows 1 and 2 without any additional explanations from me.

The third row is the row that might need a bit of explanation!

Okay in plain English then - purl 3 stitches, find your cable needle and slip the next two stitches off the left-hand needle onto the cable needle. Hold the cable needle (with the two stitches) at the front of your work and knit the next two stitches on the left-hand needle.

Now you either knit the two stitches off the cable needle or you can slip the two stitches back onto the left-hand needle and knit them from there.

There are four stitches involved in your cable. What you doing in effect is knitting stitch 3, then stitch 4, followed by stitch 1 and then stitch 2.

Congratulations, now you know how to knit cables! Now you just repeat this action (in the appropriate places) across your row.

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